Funeral in Montana

_20170922_071731My husband’s aunt died last week so my family and I flew to Salt Lake City.

We were not prepared for the very cold weather once we arrived. But we rented a car and started to drive the 10 hour drive to Montana.


I am not a fan of cold weather but it was nice way to celebrate the first day of fall and it was a nice break from the heat we have been experiencing in Downey.

My husband’s family had a nice few days of visiting and eating. We ate lots of traditional Norwegian foods like potato dumplings and lefse and lots of not so traditional foods like cookies and cakes.


Espeseth came from all over we represented Southern California and we won the prize of traveling the farthest but there were people from Oregon, Minnesota, North Dakota, Idaho, and Wyoming.

After three days it was time to had back home. The weather was a lovely 55*.


You can see why Montana is known as Big Sky. 10 hours back to Salt Lake City and my family is just about ready to get on the plane back to Long Beach.


I will be back to school tomorrow.


How Did George Washington Ever Survive?


Photo found at Washington Post


George Washington lived to be 67 years old.  In those 67 years, our first President had smallpox, bouts of malaria, multiple infections and abscesses, tuberculosis, dysentery and multiple common illnesses such as colds, the flu, etc.

But wait, there’s more!  By George Washington’s own account he survived “four Bullets through my Coat and two Horses shot under me”.

So what could possibly have killed the President?  Doctors think Washington had acute epiglottitis, a life-threatening condition, caused by injury or infection, that causes the epiglottis to swell, blocking the airways to the lungs.  Read the entire article here!

Life as a Continental Soldier

We are currently learning about Valley Forge, here are a few quick facts about life as a soldier.

Life as a soldier was boring and difficult. When a soldier was not fighting, he was digging holes for lots of men to use the restroom, clearing fields, building forts or houses for the officers to stay in, guarding the camp, practicing loading their guns, shooting their guns and marching together every day.

Every morning soldiers stood in formation for roll call and every afternoon soldiers got to cook their one meal for the day.  Each man received 1 1/2 pounds of meat, a loaf of bread, and 2 ounces of alcohol (to kill bacteria in their water) per day.

Women and children often would follow a military camp. They were the families of soldiers.  George Washington would not allow unrelated women to follow a camp.

When traveling from battle field to battle field, a soldier carried forty-five pounds of gear.  Gear included a gun with a bayonet, a backpack, tin cup, bowl, spoon, a box of ammunition, canteen, maybe an extra blanket, shirt, or writing equipment.

If a soldier broke a rule he could be punished by being whipped, given more work, or even killed.


Haiti Ends the Slave Trade

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization chose August 23rd to be known as the International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition.

This day was chosen because, on August 22-23, 1791, slaves revolted in the French colony of Saint-Domingue.  That revolt became known at the Haitian Revolution.  The Haitian Revolution is the only slave rebellion that resulted in a new republic.  Because of that revolution, more people worldwide became aware of the horrors of the Atlantic Slave Trade which in turn led to the demise of the slave trade itself.

Haiti became known as the independent Republic of Haiti, on January 1, 1804. The Haitian Declaration of Independence simply stated, “We have dared to be free, let us be thus by ourselves and for ourselves.”

Read the original article here.


Why We Celebrate the 4th of July

Independence Day, July 4th, is the day the Colonies accepted the Declaration of Independence, a resolution that declared independence from Britain, in 1776.  This day is traditionally seen as the birth of the United States.

The American Revolution started on April 19, 1775.  The colonists were angry that the British were unfairly taxing them.  At first, many colonists hoped that they could form some kind of peace with the British but as the war continued the Continental Congress saw that the only option was independence.

The first Fourth of July was celebrated in 1777 with a 13 gun salute, one for each original colony.

Both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson were on the committee to write the Declaration of Independence.  They both became president, in fact they ran against each other in the 1800 presidential election, and they both died on July 4 1826.

The Declaration of Independence Spreads Throughout the Colonies

Sometimes we take TV and social media for granted.  What if we did not have those items?  How fast or slow would information spread by simply word of mouth or newspaper?  The map below shows exactly how long it took for word of the Declaration of Independence to spread throughout the colonies in 1776.  What today would literally take hours took a month.  Notice there were still parts of the colonies that did not know of the Declaration of Independence after a month.  Map provided by  The original article can be found here!