Lewis Hine’s Photos on Child Labor

Thanks to a man named Lewis Hine, laws were created to protect children from child labor.  There is an exhibition showcasing Hines work titled “Our Strength is Our People”, it is at the Fenimore Art Museum in Cooperstown, New York.  The show will run until December 31, 2017.  Check out the link below to watch a short video and see some of the photographs taken by Lewis Hine.



Booth Did Not Work Alone!

Photo from Washington Post


John Wilkes Booth killed Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865.  But Booth’s original plan was not to kill Lincoln but to kidnap him.  Booth had many co-conspirators.  One was named John Harrison Surratt, he had been a Confederate spy.

After Lincoln was killed Surratt escaped with his life and went on the run for over two years traveling all over the world, even to Egypt.  Read the interesting story of the wild escape of John Surratt here!

The Confederate White House

The White House of the Confederacy where Jefferson Davis resided between August 1861 and April 1865, photographed circa 1933. (Library of Congress)

It makes sense.  If the Union had a White House, why shouldn’t the Confederacy?  The photo above shows the Confederate White House located in Richmond, Virginia where Confederate President Jefferson Davis lived from 1861-1865.  The Confederate White House was located only 90 miles away from the United States’ White House.

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/tale-two-white-houses-180962940/#xXC9BWQq76DSTCVY.99
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The Confederacy had its own White House—two, actually


On February 24, 1868, Andrew Johnson became the first president to be impeached. He would not be the last.

Impeachment is a formal process brought about by both houses in Congress that accuses the president of breaking the law.  If found guilty by both houses in Congress the president may be removed from office , sued, and/or sent to jail.  

Only two presidents have been impeached.  Presidents Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton. Both presidents were impeached by the U.S. House of Representatives, but acquitted by the Senate.  Andrew Johnson was impeached for firing the Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, which was a violation of the Tenure of Office Act.  Bill Clinton was impeached for lying about having a relationship with an intern.  Both presidents were able to complete the term in office.

Richard Nixon quit before he could be impeached.

Battle of Vicksburg

The Battle of Vicksburg was fought from May 18 to July 4, 1863.  General Ulysses Grant was the Union leader in charge of the Tenessee Army.  He trapped General John Pemberton and his Southern Army of Vicksburg at Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Pemberton eventually surrendered to the North.  Vicksburg was an important win for Grant for two reasons.  One, after winning Vicksburg Grant effectively split the Confederacy in two.  And second, Grant eventually won the appointment of General-in-Chief because of his success.  19,233 soldiers made the ultimate sacrifice for what they believed in and died at Vicksburg.  Watch an interactive map of the Battle of Vicksburg here!

Photo of Ulysses Grant taken at the time of his appointment as Lieutenant General  of all the Armies of the Republic in 1864. PR 52 Portrait File Photo of Ulysses Grant taken at the time of his appointment as Lieutenant-General of all the Armies of the Republic in 1864. PR 52 Portrait File. Photo found here!