Battlefield Bible

If you were going into battle what would you take with you?  How about your bible?  Well, one soldier did just that.  A man named Francis Merrifield, who fought at Bunker Hill, one of the first battles of the American Revolution fought in 1775 carried his bible with him and later wrote about his experiences.  The bible was recently sold for $161,000.  Want to read the inscriptions click here!

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Why We Celebrate the 4th of July

Independence Day, July 4th, is the day the Colonies accepted the Declaration of Independence, a resolution that declared independence from Britain, in 1776.  This day is traditionally seen as the birth of the United States.

The American Revolution started on April 19, 1775.  The colonists were angry that the British were unfairly taxing them.  At first, many colonists hoped that they could form some kind of peace with the British but as the war continued the Continental Congress saw that the only option was independence.

The first Fourth of July was celebrated in 1777 with a 13 gun salute, one for each original colony.

Both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson were on the committee to write the Declaration of Independence.  They both became president, in fact they ran against each other in the 1800 presidential election, and they both died on July 4 1826.

Today is Juneteenth

What exactly is Juneteenth? It is a celebration marking the end of slavery in the United States.  The first time this holiday was celebrated was June 19, 1865.  After the Civil War ended Major General Gordon Granger, arrived in Galveston, Texas.  He quickly spread the news that the war had ended and that the slaves had been freed.   As you hopefully remember from reading Lincoln’s speeches during Jump #6, the Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves on January 1, 1863.  Sadly, it took two years from the time the Emancipation Proclamation became law until it could be enforced in Texas.  Every year since than, Juneteenth has been celebrated on June 19th with parades, parties, and other celebrations.

Finding Ghost Ships

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Thousands of slave ships left Africa to take the Middle Passage to Brazil, the Caribbean, or the United States.  Not all made it.  Sadly, some ships sank with the entire ship full with those who were to be sold into slavery.

One man has decided it is his job to find those ships.  Read the article here to find out how one History professor and his assistants are trying to find missing slave ships and what he plans to do when he finds them.