Writing an introduction and conclusion for a DBQ doesn’t have to be hard especially if you follow the easy guide shown below. There are two tables one for the introduction and one for the conclusion. Each table addresses every sentence needed for each of the two paragraphs and they are in order.

Writing the Introduction

GRABBERThis is the first sentence. The one that will make the reader want to keep reading. It must be interesting but also fit with the topic of the essay. DO NOT ASK A QUESTION.

Pro Tip: Use a fact found in the Background Essay and write it in your own words.
TRANSITION SENTENCEA sentence that bridges the grabber to the background. This is a paragraph and must read as such so you my need a sentence that connects all of your sentences together.
BACKGROUNDThis is a 2-4 sentence summary on the topic that is being written in the DBQ. Information will be found in the Background Essay.

Pro Tip: Be sure to include important names, places, and dates in your background.
RESTATEMENT OF THE QUESTIONThis is one sentence that tells the reader what the essay is about.

Pro Tip: Use something like…In this essay, I will attempt to answer the question (Insert essay question found at top of every page here)
DEFINITIONThere is one word in every DBQ question that must be defined so that the reader can clearly understand what the writer is trying to say.

Pro Tip: Use something like…When I use the word (insert the word here) I mean (this is never a definition from a dictionary but usually what the word means to the writer)
ANOTHER TRANSITION SENTENCEA transition sentence between the definition and the chicken foot may be needed to make this work feel like a paragraph and not a collection of sentences.
CHICKEN FOOTThis one or two sentence(s) tells which each body topic sentence is going to be about. Typically the sentence(s) is answering the DBQ question with 3 different answers. The last sentence in the Introduction and the first sentence in the Conclusion ARE THE SAME SENTENCE(S).

Example: There are many reasons I like Social Studies. They are I like writing DBQs, I like learning about different cultures, and I like making maps.

Writing the Conclusion

CHICKEN FOOTThis is one or two sentence(s) tells which each body topic sentence is going to be about. Typically the sentence(s) is answering the DBQ questions with 3 different answers. The last sentence in the Introduction and the first sentence in the Conclusion ARE THE SAME SENTENCE(S).

Example: There are many reasons I like Social Studies. They are I like writing DBQs, I like learning about different cultures, and I like making maps.
CONTER ARGUMENTHere you write the best argument for the “Other” side and explain why that argument is wrong. In essence the writer is guessing what the reader is thinking and showing the reader that the thinking is incorrect.

Example: I know you may be thinking that Social Studies is not important because it is not being test on the State tests but that thinking is incorrect. Social Studies teaches students how the government works. All persons must watch the government to ensure that the government remains fair to all of its people.
LAST WORDI call this the mike dropper. It is the most important sentence in the essay because the writer has one more shot to prove their thinking is correct. It is the last sentence and therefore the sentence the reader will most remember so it has to be THOUGHT PROVOKING.

Pro Tip: Think about the bigger picture, what can be learned from the DBQ topic you are writing about and how can you use the definition from the Introduction to help answer that question.

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