Happy 804th Birthday to the Magna Carta

June 15th is the 804th anniversary of the Magna Carta.  The Magna Carta is thought to be one of the most important documents ever written in history.  It outlines many concepts of liberty and freedoms we enjoy today.



U.S. Army Celebrates 244th Birthday – June 14, 2019

Some cool facts about the United States Army to celebrate the Army’s 242nd birthday!

  • Thirty presidents served in the Army and/or state militias, including Captain Abraham Lincoln.
  • Only about 1/4 of 17-23 year-olds are qualified for military service.
  • During the American Revolution, Francis Marion (“the Swamp Fox”) pioneered modern guerrilla warfare.
  • In 1778, the Continental Congress asked General Washington to create a service uniform for the Continental Army.
  • When considering the American Revolution was fought before the United States became a country, the army is older than the United States.  The Second Continental Congress authorized a Continental Army to be created on June 14, 1775.
  • George Washington was the best man for the job when he became General of the American Army during the American Revolution.  He had the most experience having fought in the French and Indian War and he had served as commander-in-chief of the Virginia Regiment.

“10 Interesting Facts About the US Military You Didn’t Know – Independent Voter Network.” IVNus. 30 June 2012. Web. 14 June 2015.

“11 Things You Might Not Know About the U.S. Army.” Mental Floss. Web. 14 June 2015.

“25 Interesting Facts About United States Armed Forces – Part 1.” KickassFactscom. Web. 14 June 2015.

“Military Trivia Facts.” Military.com. Web. 14 June 2015.

Citations created by using http://www.citationmachine.net

Happy Flag Day!

June 14th is Flag Day.  The day we celebrate the American flag.

So who designed the first American flag?  No one knows for sure.  The idea that Betsy Ross created and designed the first flag is pure legend.  No one can prove or disprove the claim.  The story first came from her grandson in 1876.  Some think that Francis Hopkinson designed the flag.  He was a  signer of the Declaration of Independence and he was part of Washington’s cabinet.  There is proof that he helped design the Official United States seal and the American Navy flag.

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Our American Flag looks similar to Great Britain’s flag.

The flag has six-pointed stars on it.  Each star, in the original flag, represented an original colony.  Today the stars represent each state in the Union.  The 13 stripes represent the thirteen colonies that declared independence from Great Britain and became the first states in the Union.

The flag colors of red, white and blue do have a meaning.  Red symbolizes for bravery and heroism, white for innocence and purity, and blue for vigilance, perseverance and justice.

A nickname of the American flag is “Old Glory”.

Want to learn more?  Click here to watch a video.

Memorial Day



Memorial Day in Long Beach close to Mrs. Espeseth’s house.

Memorial Day is always held on the last Monday of May and it dates all the way back to the Civil War.  The first national Memorial Day occurred in 1868, but back then it was called Decoration Day.   On Decoration Day flowers and other items were used to decorate the graves of soldiers who had died during the Civil War.  Eventually, the name was changed to Memorial Day and in 1971, the day was settled to the last Monday in May.

In 2000, President Bill Clinton urged Americans to remain silent at 3 p.m. to “remember and reflect on the sacrifices made by so many to provide freedom for all.


Immigrant Pictures of New York

A journalist named Jacob Riis was appalled when he saw the living conditions of immigrants in New York in the late 1800’s.  He believed that something had to be done so he started to take pictures of the living situations of immigrants.  Riis became a Social Reformer and took many pictures of immigrants in hopes that people would see the pictures and want to change things for the better.

Fast forward to today.  Fred R. Conrad, a photographer, was interested in the photos that Riis took and wanted to recreate them.  By using a 1950 plate camera to replicate the photos taken in the 1800s, Conrad hired actors to portray the immigrants in similar situations.

Want to see the pictures he took?  Click here to see the slideshow!